Negligence is doing, or failing to do something that a reasonable person would, or would not, do in a certain situation and which causes another person damage, injury or loss as a result.
If a person sues another in negligence, the person is seeking financial compensation for damage. They are seeking to be put in the position they would have been in if the negligence had not occurred. Common situations where negligence may be alleged include car accidents where there is property damage or personal injury, accidents on private or public land, and professional negligence such as medical negligence.
Whether or not negligence has occurred is a matter of satisfying four questions.
All these factors must be satisfied. If even one is not satisfied then the plaintiff will not be able to establish that the defendant was negligent